On Generalization and Computation of Tukey's Depth: Part I
Keywords:Tukeyfication, estimating equations, projected cone depth, polished subspace depth, Procrustes rotation, Nesterov's acceleration, nonparametric inference
Tukey's depth offers a powerful tool for nonparametric inference and estimation, but also encounters serious computational and methodological difficulties in modern statistical data analysis. This paper studies how to generalize and compute Tukey-type depths in multi-dimensions. A general framework of influence-driven polished subspace depth, which emphasizes the importance of the underlying influence space and discrepancy measure, is introduced. The new matrix formulation enables us to utilize state-of-the-art optimization techniques to develop scalable algorithms with implementation ease and guaranteed fast convergence. In particular, half-space depth as well as regression depth can now be computed much faster than previously possible, with the support from extensive experiments. A companion paper is also offered to the reader in the same issue of this journal.